Under the Justice and Development (AKP) Party’s rule democracy and economic growth in Turkey have improved, leading to a more active foreign policy and good relations with its neighbors. A strong stance against Israel and its aggression in Gaza was made evident during the Davos World Economic Forum in 2009, when Prime Minister Erdogan stormed off the stage protesting Israel’s aggression against Palestinians living in that territory. Later, the Mavi Marmara incident of 2010, which saw Israeli commandos killing Turkish nationals on a flotilla bound for Gaza, led to a complete freezing of diplomatic relations between Israel and Turkey. In a way, the worsening relations between Turkey and Israel was a natural result of simmering tension arising from Turkey's increasing regional role and Israel's whimsical policies in the region.
To describe something as a form of extremism, whether it is an idea, opinion, behavior, taste, or temperament, means—if we adhere to its literal meaning as a qualifier and a state—an idea or behavior taken to its utmost limit. Extremism is the affirmation of one aspect of a composite phenomenon at the expense of its others. The active subject to which the word is appended, can apply to an individual or a group, which can be ‘extreme’ in its violence or its non-violence, in its intolerance or its tolerance, in its moderation or centrism. This last juxtaposition reveals the sterility of the word, even as a term of art, let alone as a useful concept for the analysis of social phenomena.
Israel realised in 2005 that Gaza is uncontrollable. The Israeli security apparatuses, however, kept the Strip under surveillance. The result might be seen as a series of agreements among all of the above-mentioned actors, none of whom like each other. But the people get left out, faced with neither reconstruction nor governance.
The rapid rise of the group formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) across the former Fertile Crescent has compelled US President Barack Obama to intervene militarily in a country he has only recently withdrawn troops from. What hope of success does President Obama's strategy stand?
Egyptian scholar Amr Othman uses the events of the January 25 Revolution in Egypt to pose a number of broader questions about historical knowledge and historiography: Who produces historical knowledge, why and through which methods?
The latest issue of the International Journal of Constitutional Law carries an article by Dr. Mohammad Fadel in which he proposes that a shift to common law as practiced in Great Britain, the United States, and other nations—mostly former British colonies. Fadel maintains that common law could assist Egypt and other nations of the Arab Spring, such as Tunisia, in their democratic transformation in so far as these countries are witnessing a shift toward democracy.
It is a sad thing for an academic to have to explain the difference between a revolution and a coup d'état to other academics, especially those who have described the Egyptian military coup against its elected president on July 3, 2013 as a revolution. Understandably, participants in the June 30 demonstrations are keen to call their achievement a revolution
In the face of three main dangers that have long threatened to undermine efforts toward democracy and comprehensive, sustainable development in Egypt over past decades, the events of June 30, in the absence of any diffusion of tensions and calming measures, do not negate the still fresh gains of the January 25 Revolution or prevent Egypt's return to square one
Since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis, the Syrian regime has resorted to violence against the popular movement; therefore, it was natural for it to attempt to undermine any political initiative toward a political settlement in Syria, regardless of who stood behind it...
The referendum over the Egyptian constitution has taken place, and the new constitution has become a fait accompli despite the continuing disagreement among Egyptian political and revolutionary factions regarding its content. Nevertheless, many questions on the constitution and referendum have not yet been resolved and may remain open for a long time.