This paper discusses the changes underway in Turkish foreign policy in the post Arab Spring period through an analysis of the intellectual and policy reassessments of the AKP and the extent to which these have contributed to the new approach.
The emergence of Hassan Rouhani in the course of Iran’s 2013 presidential election promised a new chapter in the tumultuous relationship between Iran and the US. On September 27, 2013 presidents Obama and Rouhani had a telephone conversation while the latter was in New York for the UN General Assembly meeting. Two months later, Iran and the P5+ 1 signed the interim Agreement in Geneva. By December, during a GCC meeting in Kuwait, Arab countries appeared cautiously optimistic about the agreement. The fact that secret talks between Iran and the US were reported to have taken place much earlier (perhaps as early as during Ahmadinejad’s administration) in Oman may in fact indicate that official Arab awareness and approval of this deal predates its public knowledge.
As Speaker of the United States’ House of Representatives, John Boehner’s invitation to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to address the US Congress over Iran’s nuclear project was highly controversial. Following announcement of the invitation, there was a multi-party debate in both the US and Israel. Concerns over and interests in the talk were motivated by an array of factors, many of which were unrelated to Iran or its nuclear program.
Interest in the existence of a Salafi movement, and its possible impact on Lebanon, has increased since the outbreak of the Syrian revolution in March of 2011. This new interest has often taken the form of incitement against, in particular, the so-called Takfiri group of Salafis. Action to counter the Salafi trend became a campaign against the Takfiri, which resulted in a view of the Salafi movement as one that is homogenized, monolithic, and terrorist. The dominant understanding of Salafism then, is that as a movement, it emerged suddenly, and out of nowhere, coming quickly to dominate the political and social life of the Sunni Muslim community in Lebanon. This report will trace out the origins of the Salafi movement, examining it as a social phenomenon that has succeeded because it fills gaps in the current socio-political environment.
Arsal (also spelled Arsaal), is an economically, politically and socially marginalized town in the north of the Bekaa region that sits along the country's frontier with Syria. In this paper, ACRPS staff researcher Hamzeh Almoustafa examines Arsal's role as a flashpoint for jihadist violence, and the spillover from the Syrian revolution.
The Obama administration's hesitance about intervening decisively in Ukraine, which is now locked into an openly armed proxy war with Russia, has both exacerbated the armed conflict in that country and created domestic discord for President Obama, compounding long-standing disagreements over foreign policy in Washington.
Turkey, a founder member of NATO, has long been a key strategic ally of the United States in the Middle East. While both countries share broadly similar objectives with regards to the Syrian question, the siege of the Kurdish stronghold of Kobane by fighters aligned with the group known as ISIL has underscored significant differences between the two sides.
An early battleground in the Arab Spring, Yemen is now convulsed by an armed civil war, with the capital, Sanaa, recently taken over by an armed militia of religious extremists backed by Iran. This paper examines the
Emad Kaddorah examines the challenges facing Turkey as it decides on its course of action towards the growing international conflict in its geopolitical backyard. Given the country's own ethnic composition and the interconnectedness of this with those of the states its borders, as well as its other obligations, the choices facing Ankara are not going to be easy.
Egypt's population began Ramadan 2014 under the specter of massive reductions in energy subsidies, on which most of the country had relied. With the new Egyptian cabinet indicating that the lifting of subsidies was needed in order to deal with a budget deficit, this paper analyzes the impact the new measures will have on the political future of the country.